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Catalog Record: Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive: Prudhoe Bay ArcSEES Airport Study (Walker et al. 2016)
Filename: prudhoebayarcSEESairport.geojson

Organizations

AGC
Primary
NASA
Funding
NSF ArcSEES
Funding

Previews

Aava dwalker pruair 2016 tranectmap anc
Prudhoebay airport cover

Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive: Prudhoe Bay ArcSEES Airport Study (Walker et al. 2016)

This dataset consists of vegetation and environmental data from 26 plots at the Prudhoe Bay Airport Site, near the Deadhorse Airport, Alaska. The Prudhoe Bay Airport Site was established in 2015 at the northern end of the Dalton Highway, as a part of the NSF Funded ArcSEES (Arctic Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability) project titled: “Cumulative effects of Arctic oil development — planning and designing for sustainability” (award no. 1233854) with partial funding from the NASA Land Cover Land Use Change (LCLUC) program (award no. NNX14AD906).

The principal goals of the ground-based studies were to document and analyze the long-term (1949–2015) changes to vegetation, soils, and permafrost caused by road- and climate-related impacts. Methods and data from the Airport site are fully described in AGC Data Report 16-01 (Walker et al. 2016). A similar set of 29 vegetation plots was established near Lake Colleen, approximately 3 km NNW of the Airport Site in 2014 (AGC Data Report 15-01, Walker et al. 2015). A third AGC data report includes temperature and snow data from the vegetation plots and additional transect data from both sites (Walker et al. 2018)

The 26 (one plot had 2 subplots (A and B)) 1 x 1-m vegetation plots are located along side three transects in low-centered polygonal tundra that have been heavily impacted by road-related disturbances, including road dust, road-side flooding, road-related snow beds, old gravel roads, buried utility cables, and off-road vehicles. The original vegetation was most likely dominated by two main vegetation types: 1) a moist sedge, prostrate-shrub, moss tundra (U3), and a wet sedge, moss tundra(M2) both described in early vegetation research in the Prudhoe Bay region (Walker et al. 1980; Walker 1985; Walker and Everett 1991). Plots were permanently marked with short wooden stakes. In the center of each plot is an 18 inch (46 cm) piece of 3/8 inch (1 cm) diameter steel rebar rod with plot number engraved on the aluminum cap that marks the photo point. Additional data obtained from or adjacent to the plots include soil physical, chemical and descriptive data, soil and air temperatures, photographs and spectral data (leaf area index (LAI) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI).

The report Walker et al. (2016) also includes additional data not contained in the Alaska Arctic Vegetation Archive. These data include information from sample points taken at 1-m intervals along the transects, such as thaw and water depths, LAI and NDVI, vegetation type (following Walker et al. 1980 with additional new types described in Walker et al. 2016), microrelief features, latitude and longitude, elevation, and gravimetric moisture content of soil samples from boreholes drilled in ice-wedge polygonal centers along with thicknesses of frozen protective layers above massive-ice bodies in boreholes.

References

Walker, D. A. (1985). Vegetation and Environmental Gradients of the Prudhoe Bay Region, Alaska, CRREL Report 85-14. CRREL Report 85-14 (p. 240). Hanover, NH: U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory. Retrieved from http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/search/asset/1006803

Walker, D. A., and K. R. Everett. 1991. Loess ecosystems of northern Alaska: regional gradient and toposequence at Prudhoe Bay. Ecological Monographs, 61(4), 437–464. http://doi.org/10.2307/2937050

Walker, D. A., K. R. Everett, P.J. Webber, and J. Brown. 1980. Geobotanical atlas of the Prudhoe Bay region, Alaska. CRREL Report 80-14. Hanover, NH. Retrieved from http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/en_US/search/asset/1027400;jsessionid=6F5EF40051DE66DA706D4275CB11F7D1.enterprise-15000

Walker, D. A., M. Buchhorn, M. Kanevskiy, G. V. Matyshak, M. K. Raynolds, Y. L. Shur, and L. M. Wirth. 2015. Infrastructure-Thermokarst-Soil-Vegetation Interactions at Lake Colleen Site A, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Alaska Geobotany Center data report, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK. AGC 15-01: 92pp.

Walker, D. A., M. Kanevskiy, M. K. Raynolds, and J. L. Peirce (eds.). 2018. 2016 ArcSEES Data Report: Snow, thaw, temperature, and permafrost borehole data from the Colleen and Airport sites, Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, and Photos of Quintillion Fiber Optic Cable Impacts, North Slope, Alaska. Alaska Geobotany Center data report, University of Alaska Fairbanks, AK. Publication 18-01, forthcoming.

Walker D. A., M. Kanevskiy, Y. L. Shur, M. K., Raynolds, M. Buchhorn, and L. M. Wirth. 2016. Road effects at airport study site Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. Alaska Geobotany Center data report, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK. AGC 16-01: 74 pp.

Complete
2015-08-03
2015-08-05

Data and Resources

  • Download

    Download :: Prudhoe Bay ArcSEES Airport Readme

    aava_pruair_dwalker_2016_readme_metadata.pdf (32.3 KB)

  • Download

    Download :: Prudhoe Bay Airport ArcSEES: species snd environmental (source and Turboveg), maps, photos, publications, soils (chemical, physical), spectral (lai, ndvi), and metadata

    aava_pruair_dwalker_2016_alldata.zip (269 MB)

  • View metadata
    Metadata :: Current AAVA Turboveg Data Dictionary and Panarctic Species List (PASL) and link to download Turboveg for Windows

    http://geobotanical.portal.gina.alaska.edu/catalogs/10623-current-turboveg-data-dictionary-and-panarctic

Status: Complete
Start Date: 2015/08/03
Type: Data
End Date: 2015/08/05
Data Types: Database
Primary Contacts
Name: Donald A. (Skip) Walker
Email: dawalker@alaska.edu
Name: Martha Raynolds
Email: mkraynolds@alaska.edu
Other Contacts
Name: Alaska Geobotany Center (AGC)
Email: uaf-agc@alaska.edu
Primary Organizations
Type
Alaska Geobotany Center
Academic

Funding Organization
Type
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Federal
NSF Arctic Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability
Federal

Regions
Alaska, Arctic, North Slope

Direct Record Link
http://agc.glynx.gina.alaska.edu/catalog/entries/8625-alaska-arctic-vegetation-archive-prudhoe-bay
Direct Full Map Link
http://agc.glynx.gina.alaska.edu/catalog/entries/8625-alaska-arctic-vegetation-archive-prudhoe-bay/map