Aga circumpolar avhrr cir 1995

Circumpolar Arctic AVHRR False Color-Infrared (CIR) Map

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data were obtained from the USGS Global AVHRR 10-day composite data. ( (Markon et al. 1995). Glaciers and oceans were masked out using information from the Digital Chart of the World (ESRI 1993). The image is composed of 1 x 1-km pixels. The color of each pixel was determined by its reflectance at the time of maximum greenness, selected from 10-day composite images from 11 July to 30 August 1993 and 1995. These intervals cover the vegetation green-up-to-senescence period during two relatively warm years when summer-snow cover was at a minimum in the Arctic. Maximum greenness was determined from the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Vegetation greenness is calculated as: NDVI = (NIR - R) / (NIR + R), where NIR is the spectral reflectance in the AVHRR near-infrared channel (0.725-1.1 µ, channel 2) where light-reflectance from the plant canopy is dominant, and R is the reflectance in the red channel (0.58 to 0.68 µ, channel 1), the portion of the spectrum where chlorophyll absorbs maximally. The resulting image shows the Arctic with minimum snow and cloud cover. The channel 1 and channel 2 values were then stacked to create as a false-color CIR image (RGB = ch. 2, ch. 1, ch. 1).

Back to Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map

Go to Website Link :: Toolik Arctic Geobotanical Atlas below for details on legend units, photos of map units and plant species, glossary, bibliography and links to ground data.

Map Themes: AVHRR Biomass 2010, AVHRR Biomass Trend 1982-2010, AVHRR False Color-Infrared 1993-1995, AVHRR NDVI 1993-1995, AVHRR NDVI Trend 1982-2010, AVHRR Summer Warmth Index 1982-2003, Bioclimate Subzone, Coastline and Treeline, Elevation, Floristic Provinces, Lake Cover, Landscape, Landscape Age, Substrate pH, Vegetation Layer


Markon, C. J., M. D. Fleming, and E. F. Binnian. 1995. Characteristics of vegetation phenology over the Alaskan landscape using AVHRR time-series data. Polar Record 31:179-190.


Data and Resources

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    Download :: Publication

    Walker_2002_IJRS_CAVM.pdf (1.69 MB)

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    Download :: GIS Data (92.7 MB)

  • Download

    Download :: Map Image

    aga_circumpolar_avhrr_cir_1995.pdf (5.57 MB)

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    Website :: Toolik Arctic Geobotanical Atlas

Status: Complete
Type: Data
Data Types: GIS, Image, Report, Map
Primary Contacts
Name: Donald A. (Skip) Walker
Other Contacts
Name: Martha Raynolds
Name: Alaska Geobotany Center (AGC)
Primary Organizations
Alaska Geobotany Center


Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map
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